‘Chiquitita’ is a new olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivar obtained in a crossbreeding program in Córdoba, Spain. ‘Chiquitita’ was derived from a cross carried out in 1991 between ‘Picual’ and ‘Arbequina’, two cultivars with high productivity and oil content from different geographical origins: ‘Arbequina’ from Catalonia in the northeast of Spain and ‘Picual’ from Andalusia in the south of Spain (Rallo, 1995). The results of the agronomical evaluation carried out in Córdoba allow the final selection of ‘Chiquitita’ as a new olive cultivar with early bearing, high oil content, and yield efficiency. Its low vigor and compact and weeping growth habit make it particularly adapted to high-density hedgerow orchards. ‘Chiquitita’ is the first olive cultivar developed by the cooperative breeding program carried out by the University of Córdoba and the Institute of Agricultural and Fishery Research and Training (IFAPA).
Barranco, D., Cimato, A., Fiorino, P., Rallo, L., Touzani, A., Castañeda, C., Serafín, F. & Trujillo, I. 2000 Catálogo mundial de variedades de olivo Consejo Oleícola Internacional Madrid
Díaz, A., De la Rosa, R., Rallo, P., Muñoz-Díez, C., Trujillo, I., Barranco, D., Martín, A. & Belaj, A. 2007 Identification of selections of a breeding program in olive (Olea europaea L.) by microsatellite markers Crop Sci. 47 2317 2322