Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Minimally Processed Sweetpotatoes

in HortScience

Three different style cuts of minimally processed sweetpotatoes (shredded, French-fry, and sliced) were stored at 0 °C and 5 °C for 4 and 8 days. Total phenolic content, individual phenolic acids, and free radical scavenging activity were determined using Folin-Denis reagent, reversed-phase HPLC, and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) methods, respectively. Total phenolic content in sliced cut sweetpotatoes held at 5 °C was higher than in the shredded cut. Both sliced and French-fry cut sweetpotatoes held at 5 °C had significantly higher antioxidant activity than shredded cut sweetpotatoes. All treatments, except shredded sweetpotatoes held at 0 °C, had significantly higher total phenolic content and antioxidant activity after 4 and 8 days of storage. Minimally processed sweetpotatoes held at 5 °C accumulated more phenolic compounds and had a higher antioxidant activity than sweetpotatoes held at 0 °C. Chlorogenic acid followed by 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid were the predominant phenolic acids present in sweetpotatoes. The rate of increase in individual phenolic acid content with storage time was higher at 5 °C than at 0 °C. No tissue browning was observed in any of the cuts after 8 days of storage and the products were considered to be marketable.

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