1 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Kika de la Garza Subtropical Agricultural Research Center, Crop Quality and Fruit Insects Research Unit, 2413 E. Highway 83, Building 200 Weslaco, TX 78596
The objective of this research was to determine whether immediate cooling of mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) in water or air affected survival of Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens Loew) larvae. Two tests were conducted with mortality of late third instar Mexican fruit fly larvae evaluated after infested mangoes were immersed in 46.1 °C water for 65, 75, or 90 minutes depending on fruit weight and immediately cooled in water or air at 22 to 26.5 °C. Results suggest a need to amend the current hot water quarantine dip treatment schedule to require cooling of fruit for 30 minutes in air. We suggest a 25-g allowance in maximum permitted fruit weight be established for the 65-, 75-, and 90-minute dips and a monitoring system used to ensure compliance. Synchronization between maximum permitted fruit weight for each hot water dip duration and commercial sizing practices would facilitate monitoring of fruit weight. We also recommend confirmation of efficacy for the 75-minute treatment of flat-elongated mangoes that weigh 375-570 g.
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