VIRUS-FREE MICROPROPAGATED PLANTS AND CLONE EFFECTS ON SWEETPOTATO YIELD, 1993

in HortScience

Commercially grown sweetpotato contain virus. Hill selection is practiced to maintain quality and trueness to type of a variety. Three field plantings of Beauregard and Jewel were made in 1993 to compare the yield of virus-free planting stock obtained from micropropagared plants (VFM); virus-infected planting stock obtained from micropropagated plants (VIM); foundation, registered, grower seed stock; and a selected California Jewel clone in which the virus was removed, then micropropagated (CVFM). For Beauregard, VFM had significantly more yield of marketable and number 1 roots at the 0.06 level of significance than plants not micropropagated. The yield of number 1 roots was also greater with VFM compared with VIM. Marketable yields of Beauregard were superior when registered versus grower seed (nor in certification program) were compared. For Jewel, marketable yields were increased from VFM versus plants not micropropagated. VFM and the VIM yielded similarly as did registered and grower seed stock. The VFM Jewel clone from North Carolina outyielded CVFM. Yield was at least as good when obtained from VFM compared with the other planting stocks. A yield increase of 10 to 20% was common when using VFM, hill selected sweetpotatoes.

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