DNA Amplification Fingerprinting (DAF) was used to characterize ten isolates of Discula destructiva Redlin and three isolates of an undescribed species of Discula, the causal organisms of dogwood (Cornus species) anthracnose. Isolates were obtained throughout the disease range in the eastern United States and DAF profiles generated with ten arbitrary oligonucleotide primers. Very few polymorphic loci (27/298) were detected between isolates of D. destructiva; whereas, a greater number were observed between and among the isolates of Discula species. Relationships among and between the two fungal groups were analyzed using PAUP and UPGMA and indicate that the genome of D. destructiva is highly conserved throughout the distribution. In contrast, isolates of Discula species exhibited greater variability. This suggests that D. destructive was recently introduced to the eastern United States.
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