The Genetic Composition and Tetrasomic Inbreeding Coefficients of Highbush Blueberry Cultivars

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  • 1 U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Blueberry and Cranberry Research Center, Chatsworth, NJ 08019

Inbreeding coefficients were calculated for highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) cultivars based on a tetrasomic inheritance model. This model yielded lower inbreeding coefficients than previous calculations based on a disomic tetraploid inheritance model. Recent trends in breeding have resulted in significant use of V. darrowi Camp as a source of low-chilling germplasm for use in the southern United States. There is also a trend toward increased inbreeding in several crosses from which recently released cultivars have been derived. Increased inbreeding coefficients do not represent a detrimental situation in blueberry per se.

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