High Carbohydrate Content in Snap Bean Leaves Stimulates Chinese Rose Beetle Feeding

in HortScience

Chinese rose beetle (CRB) (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) preferential feeding based on leaf carbohydrate content was determined using `Hawaiian Wonder' snap bean (Phaseohs vulgaris L.) plants exposed to 0% ,40%, or 80% shade for 2 days. Plants exposed to 0% shade before CRBs fed had 8.5% leaf area consumed compared with 2.8% and 3.6% for 40% and 80% shade, respectively. Leaves exposed to 0% shade had a higher carbohydrate content than leaves exposed to 40% and 80% shade. Darkening the apical and subtending leaf with aluminum foil for 1 day before CRBs fed shifted CRB feeding from heavy feeding on the apical leaf and light feeding on the subtending leaves to a reversed feeding pattern-light feeding on the apical leaf and heavy feeding on the subtending leaves. Three snap bean cultivars grown under similar environmental conditions were compared to `Hawaiian Wonder' using a unifoliate split-leaf technique. Cultivars with a high endogenous carbohydrate content in their leaves had a higher percentage of leaf area consumed by CRBs than cultivars with low endogenous carbohydrates. This report suggests that high endogenous carbohydrate content in leaves stimulates CRB feeding.

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