EFFECT OF K RATE AND SOURCE ON TOMATO YIELDS

in HortScience

Experiments were conducted in the spring of 1990 at Quincy and Live Oak, Florida and 1991 in Quincy to study the effect of 3 K sources (KCl, K2SO4 and KNO3) and 5 K rates (0, 75, 150, 225 and 300 kg ha-1) of yield of `Sunny' tomatoes. Preplant soil test K values were 37 and 54 ppm in 1990, respectively, and 44 ppm in 1991. These K concentrations are considered medium (36-60) for Florida mineral soils. K source had no effect on yield, fruit weight or percent marketable fruit in all studies. In 1990, total yields, yield of extra large (> 7.0 cm) fruit and percent marketable fruit were increased with application of 75 kg ha-1 of K but there was no further response to applied K at both locations. In 1991, total yield increased with applied K up to 150 kg ha-1 then decreased. Fruit size and percent marketable fruit increase with 75 kg ha-1 of K but no further response occurred. There was no interaction of K source and K rate.

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