INFLUENCE OF TIME DURING THE DAY BENZYLADENINE IS APPLIED ON PENETRATION INTO APPLE LEAVES

in HortScience

Penetration of foliar-applied chemicals can be influenced by a number of environmental conditions including: light, temperature, and humidity. These change during the day. 14C-benzyladenine (BA) was applied to the upper or lower surface of McIntosh apple leaves from 6:0 0 to 21:OO hours at 3 hour intervals. The amount of BA entering a leaf over a 24-hour period was not influenced by the time of application. Temperature was correlated with BA retention in the wax layer (correlation coefficients, r=0.06 4 and r=0.70 for the upper and lower surfaces, respectively) and with penetration through the upper surface (r=0.58). BA penetration into the leaf was not correlated with light intensity, relative humidity, or time of droplet drying.

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